The events which have been under way since 2014 are going to forever change the landscape of the Internet. Last year the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers, or ICANN for short, approved the creation of new generic level TLDs (nTLDs) or sometimes they are referred to as just generic level TLDs (gTLDs). So if you come across some articles on this topic, just remember that nTLDs and new gTLDs both mean the same thing.
Today gTLDs can be categories into the following groups:
– Georgraphic: any specific to a geographical area – whether a country, city, or continent. Examples include .Berlin, .NYC, .Madrid, .Africa.
– Community: relate to any type of community: religious, interest, profession etc. E.g. .translation, .art, .tennis.
– Brand: relate directly to a trademark brand, e.g. .samsung.
– Generic: any generic term outside of the other three categories. E.g. .bike, .car, .app etc.